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Hookah Websites

A hookah (waterpipe, narghile, arghila, kalian, qalyan or shisha) is a single- or multi-stemmed instrument for vaporizing and smoking flavored tobacco called shisha in which the vapor or smoke is passed through a water basin (often glass-based) before inhalation.

When a waterpipe is used to produce smoke (as is common in the Arab States of the Persian Gulf), it is usually referred to as a hookah, which means "jar" in Arabic. When the same device is used to vaporize shisha (as is common in India and the Levant), it is usually referred to as a nargile, which means "gourd" in Sanskrit.
The vapor from a nargile looks similar enough to the smoke from a hookah as to cause both users and medical professionals to often confuse the two.

This category is for sites about the recreational use of hookah and other types of water pipes.- Category ID : 80749
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JNRBM: a Critique of WHO TobReg

Article by Kamal Chaouachi challenging the credibility of the "Advisory Note" report by the WHO study group on tobacco product regulation.
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World Health Organization: TobReg

An advisory note on waterpipe tobacco smoking: health effects, research needs and recommended actions by regulators.
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HRJ: Hookah Smoking and Cancer

A controlled study with the finding of the overall CEA (carcinoembryonic antigen) levels in exclusive hookah smokers not being significantly different from the levels in non-smokers.
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ScienceDirect: The Medical Consequences of Narghile (Hookah, Shisha) Use in the World

A meta-analysis by K. Chaouachi, concluding that a significant amount of carbon monoxide is produced by the charcoal used to heat and distil the tobacco–molasses mixture.
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Hookah (Shisha, Narghile) Smoking and Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS)

A critical review of the relevant literature and the public health consequences of environmental tobacco smoke resulting from hookah use.
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Journal of Public Health:A Radical Critique of the “Standardised” Smoking Machine

An article by Kamal Chaouachi, critiquing the smoking machine a large amount of hookah research is done on.
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Journal of Public Health: Does Shisha Smoking Affect Blood Pressure and Heart Rate?

A study by Saafan A. Al-Safi observing a significant elevation of blood pressure and heart rate among shisha smokers. Current cigarette smoking associated with frequent water pipe smoking resulted in greater elevation in blood pressure measurements among both types of tobacco smokers.
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Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery: The Relationship of Shisha Smoking to Postextraction Dry Socket

A study by Fouad A Al-Belasy finding that both cigarette and hookah smokers had a higher chance of developing post-extraction dry socket than non-smokers.
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